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Tuesday, December 14, 2010

blogger's rights and responsibilities - chap 2 / part 1

Related posts:
- Introduction - chap 1 / part 1
- Introduction (cont.) - chap 1 / part 2



2.1 Introduction

In this chapter, the researcher will discuss on a brief introduction of blog which cover on the definition of blog, blogger, blogging activity and the types of blog which exist. Next, the researcher will focus on the rights and responsibilities of blogger under the Syariah.

The explosion of Information Technology especially the Internet has influenced the world[1]. Malaysia also has been influenced by it. In this case, Multimedia Super Corridor was announced by Tun Mahathir Mohamad in 1996[2] and set up the Multimedia Development Corporation[3] to obtain Malaysia into the Information Age[4].

One of the alternative places on the Internet is the blog. Blog and blogging, as a series of content area writing activities[5] has become expended day by day. Anyone can have their own blog. Some of the uses of blogs are personal, educational, media or news, entertainment and business purpose.

It is common that people nowadays do familiar with the word “blog”. The media has been mentioning about blogs and also the cases which blogger; a blog owner involved. There are quite a number of discussions discussed it whether in business or social situations[6].

2.1.1 Blog

Blog is a short form for a web log[7]. It is actually a combination of two other words which are “web” and “blog”. A blog is a chronologically ordered series of web site updates, written and organized much like a traditional diary right down to the informal style of writing that characterizes personal communication[8].

In other word, it is a personal journal of someone and it uploaded into the web[9]. The main written point in blog usually are news, sports, politics[10], people interest and the event which faced by the blog owner or the experiences of people around them[11]. As simple as, a blog is a particular type of website[12].

2.1.2 Blogger and Blogging

A blogger is a person who writes a blog[13]; a diary on the internet[14]. The blog writers or owners may add their writing when they want to, in order to update their journal. Next, blogging is the activity by a blogger to create a blog, to write and to publish his or her writing online[15]. In recent year, the term of “professional blogger” arrive to describe anyone who approaches blogging not as simply a hobby, but with the making money purpose[16].

2.1.3 Type of Blogs

Whoever starts his or her own blog becomes a part of blogosphere (the community of blogs and bloggers around the world)[17]. There are several types of blog whether in Malaysia or over the world. Some of types or what people almost write in their blog as found by the researcher are:

1) Personal – Families, friends, events, pictures and memories

2) Educational – Journals and articles include religious information

3) Political – Hot and latest issues

4) Business – Direct selling

5) Poetry – Poem, short story and online novels

6) Sports – National and international sports

7) Cooking – Cakes, cookies, good and health recipes

For example in the business community, a number of firms encouraging their employees to publish blogs to reach out and connect to a wider audience in order to get along with a large amount of consumers[18]. Even the Chief Executive Officer as well required having a blogs[19]. Malaysian blogger also suggested earning money from blogging[20].

Datuk Hamidah Osman, a Member of Legislative Assembly (DUN) of Sungai Rapat, Perak, said, a representative to a political party is advisable to have blog to let people easy to contact with the representative[21]. People’ problems, comments and opinions may send to the representative in the fastest way. Next, the representative of a village recommended having a blog in order to inform to all villagers about an event that will conduct[22].

Further, a student may take class with fellow students from around the world whenever he or she chooses[23]. Lecturer may upload notes, handouts on a specific blog registered by the lecturer. The discussion among lecturer with his or her students can be conduct through the comment indicator provided by the blog itself, or by a shout box added into the blog.

Nur Fatimah Zaharah binti Ahmad. 2010. Rights and Responsibilities of Blogger under Syariah and Malaysian Law. (Thesis). USIM. Page 11-14.

[1] Barry M. Leiner and friends. 1st June 2010. “All About the Internet: History of the Internet”.Internet Society. http://www.isoc.org.

[2] Musa Abu Hassan and Mohd Safar Hasim. 1st June 2010. “.my Malaysia”. The International Development Research Center. http://www.idrc.ca.

[3] Kevin Tan. 1st June 2010. “MSC is now MSC Malaysia; MDC is MDeC”. Skyscapercity. http://www.skyscrapercity.com.

[4] n.a. 27th May 2010. “Infrastucture – MSC”. allMalaysia.info. http://www.allmalaysia.info.

[5]n.a. 27th May 2010. “Blogging: Learning Blogs – The Activities”. Escrapbooking. http://www.escrapbooking.com.

[6] Darren Rowse & Chris Garrett. 2008. ProBlogger: Secrets for Blogging Your Way to a Six-Figure Income. Canada: Wiley Publishing, Inc. P 1.

[7] Joseph R. Dominick. n.d. The Dynamics of Mass Communication: Media in the Digital Age. Athen: Mc Graw Hill. P 270.

[8] Susannah Gardner & Shane Birley. 2008. Blogging for Dummies. Canada: Wiley Publishing, Inc. 2nd E. P 55.

[9] Abd. Kadir Mohd. Ayub. 2010. “Bahana Media Siber”. Dewan Masyarakat. May. P 23.

[10] Joseph R. Dominick. No date. The Dynamics of Mass Communication: Media in the Digital Age. P 270.

[11] Abd. Kadir Mohd. Ayub. 2010. “Bahana Media Siber”. Dewan Masyarakat. P 23.

[12] Darren Rowse & Chris Garrett. 2008. ProBlogger: Secrets for Blogging Your Way to a Six-Figure Income. P 1.

[13] Darren Rowse & Chris Garrett. 2008. ProBlogger: Secrets for Blogging Your Way to a Six-Figure Income. P 1.

[14] http:// www.urbandictionary.com. 27th May 2010. “Blogger”.

[15] ibid. “Blogging”.

[16] Darren Rowse & Chris Garrett. 2008. P 1-5.

[17] Susannah Gardner & Shane Birley. 2008. Blogging for Dummies. 2nd E. P 55.

[18] Rohit Aggarwal and friends. 13th August 2010. “Blog, Blogger and the Firm: Can Negative Posts by Employees Lead to Positive Outcomes?”. Sosial Science Research Network. http://papers.ssrc.com. P 1.

[19] Darren Rowse & Chris Garrett. 2008. ProBlogger: Secrets for Blogging Your Way to a Six-Figure Income. P 1.

[20] Fuad Hadinata Yaacob. 2009. “Tagermedia sasar 100,000 blogger”. Harian Metro. 19 February 2009.

[21] n.a. 2010. “12 ketua kampung DUN Sg. Rapat guna blog”. Utusan Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur. 16 August 2010.

[22] ibid.

[23] Patricia Wallace. 2004. The Internet in the Workplace: How the Technology is Transforming Work. Cambridge, UK: The Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge. P 191-192.

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